Colombia has one of the largest reserves of coal in Latin America and is the world’s sixth largest coal exporter. Coal is the country’s third largest export after coffee and oil. In 2010 the nation’s coal and coke production was 63.8 million tonnes, mainly from the Cesar, Guajira Santanderes and Cundinamarca-Boyaca´ regions.
Colombian coal production has seen a significant growth over the past 20 years thanks to the incentives granted to major export projects carried out by foreign companies. The main export destinations for Colombian thermal coal are the United States and Europe — thus underlining the key status of Barranquilla as a coal exporting port.
The growth of this industry is evidenced by the average year-on-year increase of 15% in the coal volume handled by Sociedad Portuaria Regional Barranquilla. To illustrate, in 2010 this segment accounted for 17% of the cargo moved by SPRB.
In order to provide the best possible service, the port counts with a five-hectare area and offers a comprehensive range of facilities including a scale weighing service, unloading at the yard, internal handling, transportation and loading service. In addition, control of land services and inventory is offered for all kinds of granulated carbons: coke, metallurgical and thermal.
The SPRB, together with its sister company, Sociedad Portuaria Rio Grande, is planning to construct a specialized coal handling quay with a length of 120 metres and a draught of 12 metres. This quay is expected to be ready by early 2013. There are also plans to buy specialized uploading equipment for coal once the quay is in operation. This system will expand the daily uploading capacity to 7,000 tonnes of coke and 11,000 tonnes of thermal coke.
With all these new investments added to Colombia’s privileged position within the coal industry, Sociedad Portuaria Regional Barranquilla is more than ready to become Colombia’s reference point in coal export.
One of Australia’s largest port authorities by throughput, North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation Limited (NQBP) is creating opportunities to allow for major port development at Australia’s fastest growing coal ports – Hay Point and Abbot Point.
DUDGEON POINT COAL TERMINAL PROJECT
NQBP together with preferred proponents, DBCT Management and the Adani Group Limited, are progressing with plans to develop two new coal terminals at Dudgeon Point. Dudgeon Point is located approximately 15km south of Mackay on the Queensland Coast and lies within the Port of Hay Point about four kilometres north of the existing coal terminals.
NQBP has held the land for a number of years having identified its potential to develop port infrastructure to meet the growing demand for coal exports from the Bowen Basin. In mid-2010, the government endorsed proposals from the preferred proponents for the development of new coal export infrastructure.
Since this time, NQBP has worked with DBCT Management and the Adani Group to develop a master plan for Hay Point which includes coal export facilities at Dudgeon Point. The proposed development includes two new coal terminals, each with a capacity of up to 90mtpa (million tonnes per annum), giving a combined site capacity of up to 180mtpa. The plan includes offshore wharf facilities for up to eight ship berths, with four berths for each terminal, and expansion of the Half Tide Tug Harbour to accommodate an additional ten tug berths to service the new terminals.
Master planning studies have determined that the existing departure path depth of 14.9 metres (relative to Lowest Astronomical Tide) will be adequate for a number of years and will require minor deepening (300mm) when shipping volumes significantly increase in the future. Extension of the departure path/apron by dredging will, however, be required to the area in front of the proposed new berths for the Dudgeon Point Coal Terminals.
Studies for the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the proposed project are proceeding as scheduled to complete a draft EIS in mid-2012. A number of baseline environmental studies and seagrass studies have already been carried out by NQBP to obtain data for input into the EIS.
A peak construction workforce of around 5,000 is expected for the construction of the new terminals and offshore wharves, the railway spur and supporting infrastructure. Construction is expected to commence in 2013 and will continue for approximately three years.
ABBOT POINT COAL TERMINAL EXPANSIONS
Abbot Point is located 25km north-west of Bowen on Queensland’s north coast and is set to become Australia’s largest coal port. With the recent completion of the ‘Northern Missing Link’ rail project, the port has been opened up to mines in the Bowen Basin which can now export coal through the port. Prior to this, coal was railed from three major mines on the Newlands Line and in the Goonyella System.
The future of Abbot Point is of great economic and development potential for Queensland and NQBP intends to grow port facilities to increase Queensland trade opportunities.
To support the immense opportunity at the Port of Abbot Point for new industrial development and growth, Queensland State Government has set aside the 16,000ha State Development Area adjacent to the port.
NQBP is delivering port development through planning for the construction of an offshore Multi Cargo Facility (MCF) and onshore coal terminals at the Port of Abbot Point, in addition to the existing Terminal 1 facility (50mtpa coal terminal) leased by Mundra Ports.
In April 2010, NQBP announced the awarding of Preferred Developer status to BHP Billiton and Hancock Coal Pty Ltd for development of two major expansions known as Terminals 2 and 3. NQBP has been negotiating detailed framework agreements which will underpin the planning and development of the terminals.
While NQBP has been working closely with BHP Billiton and Hancock Coal regarding Terminals 2 and 3, NQBP is also progressing the development of six new coal terminals, Terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, referred to as the T4-9 project. The T4-9 project, together with NQBP’s planned MCF, will see coal exports from the Port of Abbot Point grow from its existing capacity of 50mtpa to a potential 385mtpa. The State Government announced the successful Preferred Respondents for T4-9 on 1 December 2011. These entities are (in alphabetical order):
- Anglo American Metallurgical Coal;
- Macmines Austasia;y North Queensland Coal Terminal (consortium of Macarthur Coal, Peabody Energy, New Hope Corporation, Middlemount Coal and Carabella Resources);
- Rio Tinto Coal;
- Vale; and
- Waratah Coal.
Preferred Respondent status will provide an exclusive right to negotiate a Framework Agreement with NQBP. Should a Framework Agreement be subsequently agreed, NQBP will work with proponents for approximately two years to secure the design and approvals required to construct the terminals. During this stage, proponents will also need to progress their own approvals, including project funding, mining leases and haulage contracts.
If, at the end of this process which is expected to be around mid-2014, all necessary approvals have been received, proponents will then be given the right to construct a terminal.
The T4-9 project is expected to generate up to 60,000 direct construction jobs at the port, plus many more thousand in the development of supporting mine and rail infrastructure.
First coal exports from T4-9 through the MCF are expected in 2017.
The T4-9 project is an essential part of the critical infrastructure required to accommodate coal exports from the Bowen Basin and Galilee Basin. This project will enable Queensland to meet the worldwide demand for coal and confirm Queensland as the world’s largest exporter of coal.
ABBOT POINT MULTI CARGO FACILITY PROJECT
NQBP plans to construct a new multi-trade port facility known as the Multi Cargo Facility (MCF) at Abbot Point which will provide offshore infrastructure to accommodate the onshore coal terminal expansions. The MCF will maximize the use of port limits by developing a single facility with many berths. It will have the potential to accommodate a variety of cargoes, including liquid and dry bulk, break bulk and potentially containerized trade, all of which will complement industrial growth in the State Development Area.
The MCF will also include a tug harbour (servicing the MCF as well as the adjacent coal terminal), a dredged access channel, swing basin and berth pockets. About 30 million cubic metres of material will be dredged to create the access channel, basin and pockets and this material will be used to reclaim the land required for the MCF.
The creation of an MCF will allow new resource areas, such as the Galilee Basin and North West Minerals Province, to be developed.
Other clear strategic and operational merits include:
- no urban impacts with thousands of hectares of land secured for industry adjacent to the MCF;
- ease of project deliverability and management of environmental issues;
- already part of State Government’s long-term industrial and infrastructure development plans with unhindered connections to road and rail available;
- provision of deep water channel access for large bulk carriers (Capesize) and only site available in North Queensland; and
- provision for import and export of non-bulk cargoes andimport of bulk cargoes for processing.
During 2011 NQBP conducted an Early Contractor Involvement (ECI) process for development of the MCF, with a view to issuing a design and construct contract. NQBP has appointed two contractors to submit tender prices for the design and construction of the MCF. This ECI process is expected to be completed in early 2012.
The final EIS has been submitted to the Federal Department of Sustainability, Environment,Water, Population and Communities (SEWPaC) for approval. The EIS is being assessed through the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act. The environmental approval covers the dredging and reclamation for the MCF, including access and haul roads to allow the construction of the facility.
Construction on the MCF is expected to commence in mid-2014 with first coal exports in 2017.
UCL Port – 5mt coal handled in 2011
In 2011 the stevedoring companies of subholding UCL Port (part of UCL Holding) handled over 5mt (million tonnes) of coal which is by 9% less than in 2010.
Multipurpose Reloading Complex in port of Ust-Luga (Leningrad region) handled 1.5mt of coal (+6% in comparison with 2010).The turnover of coal in Tuapse Sea Commercial Port decreased by 12%, up to 2.9mt, the turnover of coal in Taganrog Sea Commercial Port decreased by 24%, up to 582 thousand tonnes.
Decrease of indicators in the stevedoring companies of UCL Port at the South of Russia was caused by introduction of limits on throughput capacity of North-Caucasian railway. Decrease of handling volumes of coal in Tuapse Sea Port was caused also by shortage of railcars and in Taganrog Sea Port it was due to the renovation of the track of West-Siberian Railway.
Within the implementation of the programme of development of port infrastructure of UCL Port in October of 2011 UCL Holding, Ministry of Transport of RF and Administration of Krasnodar region signed a trilateral agreement on construction of the terminal for handling of coal, with annual capacity of 16mt in the deep-sea port of Taman. It will allow to reduce the existing shortage of handling capacities in Russia and to attract substantial cargo volumes for transit to the neighbouring countries.
Reference: Universal Cargo Logistics Holding (UCL Holding) – international transportation group, the companies of which transport cargoes by railway and water transport, handle cargoes in the Russian ports and also perform services related to logistics, shipbuilding and arrangement of cruise passenger transportation.
Via subholdings UCL Holding consolidates several divisions specializing in various types of transportation business.
UCL Port consolidates stevedoring companies of the group – JSC “Sea Port of Saint-Petersburg”, CJSC “Container Terminal Saint-Petersburg”, LLC “Multipurpose Reloading Complex” at the North-West of Russia and also Tuapse and Taganrog Sea Ports at the South of the country.
Stevedoring companies of UCL Holding handle a wide range of cargoes, including metals, coal, grain, sugar and oil and oil products.Total area of covered premises and open territories of the stevedoring companies amounts to 700,000m2. Total length of berths – about 10km.
The Development programme of UCL Port envisages construction of high-tech terminal facilities, which will allow to increase annual turnover of the stevedoring assets of the holding up to 60mt ensure the attraction of profitable cargo flows to all the transportation divisions of UCL Holding.
intergroup – a whole range of services in one logistical package
intergroup is a recognized Italian-based company, focused on integrated logistics.
intergroup provides clients with a wide and fully-integrated management for cargoes, along the whole logistics chain: marine terminal activities, transport, packaging, warehousing, handling of special cargo (for instance: windmills), handling and services for ferries, Ro-Ro and cruises. Therefore, as a group, it offers tailor- made services keeping highly competitive prices.
Established in 1986, during its 25-year-long history, intergroup has been a logistics partner with leading national and international companies. For them, intergroup handles industrial supply chains of several million tonnes of goods per year.
In a nutshell, the key strength of intergroup is the offer of a whole range of services, in order to make up kind of a ‘logistics package’ for its clients, activating the dedicated pool of employees in every department involved. Services provided from intergroup transport division cover national and international transport for all types of goods. The company delivers excellent services, while the marine terminal network, based in both the Port of Rome (Civitavecchia) and the Port of Gaeta (halfway between Rome and Naples, and currently undergoing the last stages of a €60 expansion project), offers a wide range of stevedoring services and has both technologically innovative equipment and machines, and a trustworthy and highly skilled workforce.
INTERGROUP – BULK LOGISTICS EXPERIENCE
The expanding Port of Gaeta, where intergroup is headquartered, specializes in the reception and discharging of dry bulk materials, and therefore one of the core focuses of intergroup is on the dry bulk related activities: intergroup is in fact a main logistics player in various national supply chains for industrial companies receiving clinker, coke, sands, salt, fertilizers, sulphate, carbonate. intergroup is structured to offer loading, discharging and movement operations of raw materials and goods transported from ships as bulk cargo. Harbour activities are performed with specific means and equipments: the group owns four Gottwald cranes of 200, 100, 63 tonnes, Caterpillar bulldozers and bobcats, hermetic grabs from 7 to 20 cubic metres, de-dusted hoppers, skid slides, suction cleaning machines.
In close connection with harbour activity, there are the warehousing facilities. intergroup owns and runs eight warehouses on the national territory: a harbour warehouse in Gaeta (custom and VAT free); Formia, where packaging and others added value services are provided; Sessa Aurunca for coal and other products related to the cement industry; the new foodstuffs warehouse in Gaeta; the also new 20,000m2 wide Distriport area in the heart of the Port area of Civitavecchia; the intermodal exchange area in Frosinone, connection point between flows of road-transported and railway-transported products, and two brand-new warehouses on the Ionian coast, which just came on line few months ago.
Some of those warehouses are completely dedicated to bulk storage. Among these, coal logistics are definitely included. In fact, one of the six warehouses mentioned above, is entirely dedicated to supporting the cement industry with all the raw material they need for their production such as iron oxide, ferrous sulphate, pozzolana cement, and of course the coal logistics chain: the Sessa Aurunca warehouse, halfway between Rome and Naples, is a just-in-time distribution hub for most of the major cement factories located in the centre/southern part of Italy, such as Colacem, Sacci, Italcementi, Buzzi Unicem, Cementir and many more. The area completely reserved to coal flows is 70,000m2 wide. Five-metre-high cement walls are placed in the area in order to protect the product and to create different zones reserved to each client, keeping different coal qualities ideally separated. Coal is discharged in Port of Gaeta by the intergroup marine terminal facilities, from vessels usually arriving from United States or South America, then carried into the Sessa Aurunca warehouse, stored and delivered just in time to factories, according to distribution plans.
According to the quality and green-oriented philosophy that drives the intergroup way, Sessa Aurunca coal warehouse is equipped with a system to minimize dust, and all around the area there are high cement walls and lines of poplars. There is also a totally green system, equipped with sophisticated automated installations for depuration, filtering and recycle of water, a sub- irrigation system, a coconut-fibre drainage system with laser rays, a safe fire-fighting system and all the technologically advanced installations which guarantee the highest standards in this field. Last but not least 30% of the whole warehouse area is specifically dedicated to a poplar plantation to protect the outside environment from any contamination with the product.